Little-Known Facts About Earth’s Deepest Point, the Mariana Trench

Our world, which is 80 percent covered by sea, has some dark spots that have been discovered recently and even waiting to be discovered.. The Mariana Trench, located in the northwest of the Pacific Ocean and east of the Mariana Islands, is one of these mysterious spots whose existence was discovered in 1951.. Most facts about the oceans and deep seas were unknown 100 years ago.. Known as the deepest point in the world, the Mariana Trench was first discovered in 1951.

Near the Mariana Islands, which gave the pit its name in 1951, with the ships named Challenger 2 People doing research were surprised to see that the probe they left in the ocean went down to a depth of 10 thousand 863 meters.. It soon became clear that this point was the deepest place in the world.

When it came to 1958, Russian scientists who wanted to explore the region found that the probe left by their ship called Vityaz was 10 thousand 960

When the calendars showed August 23, 1960, a special pressure-resistant vehicle called Trieste descended to the darkest points of the Mariana Trench.. Swedish Jacques Piccard and American navy officer lieutenant Donald Walsh made their mark in history as the first people to descend to the deepest point of the world.

Measuring the Mariana Trench, the research team announced that the depth of this pit, located in the Pacific Ocean, or otherwise known as the Great Ocean, is 10 thousand 916 meters (Approximately 11 Km), its width is 69 km, and its length is 2542 meters.


Living creatures live even in the darkest and most remote spots of the Mariana Trench, which has not been fully solved yet and contains many mysteries.. It was revealed that some microorganism species resistant to high pressure and cold water survive in the Marina Pit.. These microorganisms are thought to be prehistoric creatures that could survive for centuries.. With today’s technology, it is not possible to make detailed examinations about these creatures.. These creatures, which are suitable for living under high pressure, die because they cannot adapt to the surface conditions.

  • The pressure at the bottom of the Mariana Trench is 1100 times higher than at the surface.. (108.6 Megapascals)
  • The density of the water at the bottom of the Mariana Trench is 5% higher due to the pressure.
  • It takes 1 hour for the metal weighing 1 kg, dropped from the surface to the Marina Pit, to go down to the bottom.
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  • The places where the seismic movements are the most are these pits.. They constitute 70% of the earthquakes measured in the world.
  • It takes about 5 hours to descend and climb the pit with pressure-resistant special vehicles.
  • The depth of the Mariana trench is greater than the height of Everest.. It is deep enough to swallow Everest with ease.
  • The last person to descend into the Mariana Trench is director James Cameron.. In addition, Cameron is the first person to descend into this pit alone.

Famous director James Cameron, known for his passion for the deepest reaches of the seas, was born on March 25, 2012. He completed his preparations to dive into the pit alone with his private vehicle.. Performing the dive with an underwater vehicle named Deepsea Challenger, designed by Australian engineers, resistant to more than 7 thousand tons of pressure, Cameron managed to descend to the bottom in 156 minutes.. After spending 3 hours at the deepest point of the world, it surfaced in as little as 70 minutes.

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