What Causes Premature Birth? Reasons, Premature Births and Experiencing?

Premature birth is a condition that occurs at least 3 weeks before the expected due date. In other words, preterm birth. an event that takes place before the start of the week. Also known as premature birth. Premature birth occurs in 12% of pregnancies. By knowing the signs of preterm birth and avoiding certain risk factors, the risk of preterm birth can be reduced.

What are the Symptoms in Premature Birth?

Normal births last around 40 weeks. In rare cases, labor can begin before 37 weeks of pregnancy. During the course of labor, due to the intermittent contractions of the uterine muscle fibers, the uterus opens earlier than normal, thus preterm birth.  As a result, the baby is born prematurely with the risk of many diseases.

37. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms before week 37: /li>

  • More than normal vaginal discharge, increased vaginal discharge
  • urinating too often
  • Feeling of pressure in the pelvis >
  • Feeling more pressure on your pelvis (downward pressure from your baby)
  • Vaginal bleeding or spotting
  • Headache– Often a headache pain in their lower back that does not subside even when you change position, but this can be temporary or permanent.
  • Contractions every 10 minutes or less
  • Cramping – in your lower abdomen similar to menstrual pains
  • Increased vaginal discharge
  • In the bladder or vagina increased pressure
  • Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
  • Although the specific causes of preterm labor are unknown, certain factors may increase a woman’s likelihood of giving birth prematurely.. From the 16th week of pregnancy, the breasts begin to produce milk.. Breastfeeding may be delayed in mothers who give birth prematurely.
  • Risk Factors for Premature Birth

    As the true cause of preterm birth is largely unknown, it is unclear who will give birth prematurely. Predicting is not easy at all. Still, some of the risk factors that increase the risk of giving birth prematurely are:

  • Smoking, alcohol use, and drug use: These are not just premature births, but the baby’s too little
  • Pregnancy conditions (high blood pressure, increased blood pressure during pregnancy, diabetes, blood clotting problems, placental ruptures, placenta previa, immune problems): These forcing your baby to deliver prematurely, jeopardizing his development and oxygen.
  • Vaginal and uterine infections: These infections are believed to cause 50% of preterm births.
  • Twin or multiple pregnancies: Women who carry more than one baby are more likely to give birth prematurely. In vitro fertilization has a major impact on resulting in preterm birth. there is a coincidence.
  • Preterm birth: If the person was born prematurely before, there is a high probability of giving birth again prematurely.
  • Premature birth in a person: If the person was born prematurely, premature birth There is a high probability of giving birth.
  • A baby with a birth defect. Structural problems in the uterus or the neck of the uterus: The cervix may remain open throughout pregnancy, or abnormal structures in the uterus may cause premature birth.. It is assumed that the bacteria that trigger preterm labor can be transmitted to the bloodstream by mouth.
  • Taking short breaks between pregnancy: Large-scale studies have shown that the closer you have a pregnancy, the greater the risk of preterm delivery.
  • Maternal age: Women older than 35 are considered at greatest risk because they are highly likely to experience preterm labor.
  • High degree of physical exertion: Standing for too long or women who do physically heavy work are more likely to give birth prematurely.
  • How is the Treatment for Premature Birth?

  • Doctors often give birth to pregnant women. It tries to prevent premature birth by giving pills that can delay it.
  • If preterm labor cannot be stopped or babies have to be delivered early, doctors prepare for high-risk birth. Mothers may need to go to a hospital with a neonatal intensive care unit. This will ensure that the baby receives prompt and direct care after birth.
  • In the first few days and weeks of premature infants, hospital care focuses on strengthening the development of vital organs.. A newborn baby can be put in an incubator. Imaging devices monitor the baby’s heartbeat, breathing, and blood oxygen level. This process can take weeks or months before the baby can survive without medical support.
  • If preterm labor started before 34 weeks of pregnancy, doctors will recommend hospitalization and start using medication.
  • In case of pregnancy juice: If premature birth is due to infection or inflammation, this may cause the membrane to rupture (pregnancy juice) and your doctor may start antibiotics.
  • Giving corticosteroids for lung development: Steroids and secreted by the adrenal cortex A group of hormones is given by injection between 24 and 34 weeks of pregnancy to accelerate the baby’s lung development.
  • Controlling contractions: Medication is given to temporarily stop preterm labor contractions.
  • How to Prevent Premature Birth

    Quick and appropriate prenatal care significantly reduces the chances of preterm delivery. Other protective measures are as follows:

  • Eating healthy before and during pregnancy: It is very important to consume plenty of fruit and vegetables, not to skimp on cereal products, and to eat protein-rich foods.. Folic acid intake and calcium supplementation are also highly recommended.
  • Do not drink a lot of water every day: The recommended rate is 8 glasses a day, but if you are exercising you will need to drink more.
  • Daily aspirin intake in the first 3 months: If you have high blood pressure or have previously given birth prematurely, your doctor may recommend that you take 60 to 80 milligrams of aspirin each day.
  • Smoking, drug use, or certain Cessation of the excessive use of certain drugs: If their use is not stopped during pregnancy, it may cause congenital disability of the baby and even the death of the baby directly before it is born, that is, miscarriage.
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