What is Amylase? Amylase Enzyme Normal Values, Low, High

Amylase is a digestive system enzyme that helps digest carbohydrates.. Amylases are produced in the pancreas, small intestines, ovaries, liver, placenta and salivary glands.. The term ‘enzyme’ refers to complex proteins that act as catalysts in chemical reactions necessary for the healthy functioning of the human body.. Amylase is an enzyme that plays a vital role in digestion.. When the pancreas is sick or inflamed, amylase is released into the blood.. Amylase blood test (Amy test) is a blood test to measure the level of amylase in the blood.

Amylase blood test can determine whether you have pancreatic diseases by measuring the amount of amylase in your body.. If your amylase levels are too low or too high, you may have a condition affecting the pancreas.

What are Normal Amylase Values?

Blood in adults: Between 11-54 U/L.

Blood in children: Between 9-35 U/L.

Amylase levels in urine: Between 3-26 U/hour.

The values ​​given above may vary depending on the laboratory where the test is performed, the method used and the device where the test is performed.. In some laboratory results, the upper value may be up to 140.. The healthy upper value may vary from person to person.

Why is amylase test ordered?

To determine whether the treatment of pancreatic diseases is successful

Acute or chronic When pancreatitis is suspected

In diseases related to the salivary glands

Causes of amylase

  • Pancreatitis
  • Pregnancy
  • As a side effect of various medications such as aspirin, birth control pills, cortisone
  • Inflammation of the gallbladder or gallstones
  • Severe burns
  • Kidney failure
  • Inflammation of the salivary glands due to causes such as mumps
  • Intestinal obstruction
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis: The condition in which the blood becomes acidic in diabetics
  • Gastric ulcer causing a hole in the stomach wall
  • Having a kidney transplant
  • Inflammation of the peritoneum
  • Ruptured ectopic pregnancy
  • Medications containing codeine and morphine Use of drugs and substances
  • Gastroenteritis (severe)
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Saliva gland swelling
  • Eating disorders such as bulimia or anorexia nervosa
  • High triglyceride levels (hypertriglyceridemia)
  • Alcohol use
  • Use of drugs such as morphine
  • Kidney failure
  • Appendicitis
  • Cancer of the pancreas, salivary gland, pharynx, prostate, lung, ovaries or breast, or tumors or lesions occurring in the tissues in these areas

Symptoms of amylase

If high amylase is not caused by pancreatitis, it usually does not give any symptoms.. Below are the symptoms of amylase elevation seen with pancreatic inflammation;

Nausea or vomiting

Constant desire to drink water

Treatment of low amylase

If you suffer from low amylase, you should consult an Internal Medicine doctor, the doctor will determine the cause of this condition and apply the necessary treatment.

The treatment of low amylase is usually based on restricting the intake of complex carbohydrates and starch.. Restricting the consumption of complex carbohydrates reduces the demand for amylase, which helps in the treatment of symptoms associated with the problem of amylase.

Orally taken pancreatic enzyme drugs can be recommended to eliminate the problems of carbohydrate breakdown caused by low amylase.

People with oil intolerance should prefer quality oils such as pure olive oil. Procedures such as gradually increasing the amount of fat taken can be applied.

Fat absorption can be tried to be increased with pancrelipase and bile supplements.

Fat absorption can be tried to be increased with pancrelipase and bile supplements.

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