What is Hepatitis B Carrier? Does Carrier Contagious? Does Carrier Get Better?

Hepatitis B is a contagious type of liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus.. This disease can be transmitted from people with hepatitis B disease to healthy people through blood, semen or vaginal fluid.. In addition, hepatitis B virus can be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her baby in the womb. Hepatitis B disease is divided into two as Acute Hepatitis B and Chronic hepatitis B.. Acute Hepatitis B disease lasts less than 6 months, Chronic Hepatitis B disease lasts longer than 6 months. Antiviral drugs control the viral infection caused by Hepatitis B disease, but in some cases, drugs do not have an effect in the treatment and liver transplantation may be required. strong> However, the best thing about this disease is that it can be prevented through vaccination.

Most adults with hepatitis B can recover completely, even if their signs and symptoms are severe. However, infants and children have chronic they may undergo a course of (long-term) hepatitis B infection. Symptoms of hepatitis B appear 1-4 months after being infected. Symptoms can range from mild to severe. Some people, especially young children, may not experience any symptoms.

What are the Symptoms of Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver.. There are 5 different types of hepatitis disease according to the causes of transmission. Hepatitis B is divided into 2 types; Chronic hepatitis B and acute hepatitis B disease. The duration of hepatitis B disease is called lasting less than 6 months. Your immune system can probably clear acute hepatitis B from your body in a short time and you should recover completely within a few months.

Symptoms of acute hepatitis B include;

  • Extreme weakness
  • Jaundice. Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain in the joints and muscles
  • Abdominal pain
  • High fever
  • Anorexia
  • Itching
  • Diarrhea
  • Dark urine
  • Pale stool in color
  • Symptoms of Chronic Hepatitis B

    Chronic Hepatitis What is B? The duration of hepatitis B disease for more than 6 months is called Chronic Hepatitis B. Some people do not develop natural immunity to the hepatitis B virus and the hepatitis B infection persists for months or years. These people are known as chronic carriers.. Hepatitis B carriers do not feel any discomfort for a long time. After a few years, they feel sick and may die if treatment is delayed. Chronic hepatitis B disease is a condition that causes permanent spots on the liver, increasing the risk of developing liver failure, liver cancer or cirrhosis. Chronic hepatitis B patients do not experience any symptoms in the early stages of the disease.. People with symptoms, on the other hand, suffer the most from fatigue.. Fatigue may be exacerbated throughout the day, and you may feel very weak even if you have not done anything.

    Other symptoms of chronic hepatitis B are;

  • Weakness
  • Pain in the upper abdomen, restlessness
  • Anorexia
  • Nausea
  • Pain in the body
  • If Chronic Hepatitis becomes severe, it can cause symptoms such as;
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Weight loss
  • Muscle weakness
  • Dark urine
  • Easy bruising and bleeding of the skin
  • What Causes Hepatitis B?

  • Hepatitis B infection is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The virus is passed from person to person through blood, semen, or other bodily fluids.. Does not spread by sneezing or coughing. The ways of spreading hepatitis B disease are;
  • Unprotected sexual intercourse with a person who has hepatitis B. If you pass the blood, saliva, semen, and vaginal fluid of the sick person to you, the disease can also be transmitted to you.
  • Hepatitis B disease is easily spread through contaminated needles and syringes contaminated with the virus.. This situation is especially seen in people who use drugs and share the same needle.
  • Contact with items that may contain blood or body fluids, such as instruments used in diabetes monitoring and treatment
  • Hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus can be transmitted from dentist to patient or from patient to dentist. For this reason, dentists are at the forefront of risky occupational groups for hepatitis disease.. Dentists must have hepatitis B vaccination. There is no vaccine for hepatitis C.
  • Blood transfusion is also one of the ways of transmission of hepatitis B disease.. If the blood donor suffers from this disease, if you use his or her blood, the disease can also be passed on to you.
  • The virus is in direct contact with blood.. For example, if the barber touches the blood of a patient with hepatitis B while shaving with a razor, he can become infected with the virus.
  • Having tattoos or piercings with non-sterilized tools
  • The use of razors, toothbrushes, etc. Shared use can also transmit the disease.
  • Using alcohol can also cause you to get chronic hepatitis B disease.
  • Pregnant women with hepatitis B can pass the virus to their babies during childbirth. However, newborn babies are vaccinated to prevent transmission of the virus in almost all cases.. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or want to become pregnant.
  • What Diseases Can Hepatitis B Cause?

  • Cirrhosis
  • Liver cancer
  • Liver failure
  • Other conditions; People with chronic hepatitis B may experience kidney disease or inflammation of the blood vessels.
  • Which Doctor to See for Hepatitis B?

    Hepatitis B

    How is Hepatitis B Diagnosed?

    Hepatitis B can be diagnosed with a physical examination of your doctor and a simple blood test. If your doctor thinks your liver has been damaged by hepatitis B, they may use a needle to take a tiny sample of your liver for testing.. This is called a liver biopsy.

    Treatment of Hepatitis B Disease

    There is no specific treatment for acute hepatitis B.. However, for people with chronic hepatitis B, antiviral medications may be prescribed to slow the progression of liver disease and reduce the risk of liver cancer. There are many treatment options available to treat chronic hepatitis B infection.. Some of them are:

    Interferon-alpha (Multiferon): An approved treatment for chronic infection of hepatitis B. The drug is applied to the skin by subcutaneous or intramuscular injection three times a week for approximately 16 weeks.

    Lamivudine: It is an orally administered drug with a daily dose of 100-300 mg.. Treatment lasts longer than 1 year. Combination therapy with interferon-alpha also produces good results in many patients.

    Adefovir: Taken orally at a dose of 100 mg daily for one month. Active against hepatitis B patients who have become resistant to the drug lamivudine. Other anti-viral drugs for hepatitis B are Famciclovir, Entecavir, and Fialuridine.

    Most of these drugs do not cure people.. But they help inhibit the replication of the hepatitis B virus and prevent liver diseases.. Many people with chronic hepatitis B have to take these medications for the rest of their lives.

    Expert Advice for Treating Hepatitis B

  • Eat plenty of vegetables and fruits.
  • To prevent the spread of the hepatitis B virus and reduce the symptoms of acute infection, avoid foods and drinks that increase inflammation. White bread, dairy products, packaged products sold in the market are foods that can cause inflammation in the body.
  • Get a habit of drinking 8-10 glasses of water a day.
  • Stay away from stress .
  • Thistle milk can also help treat hepatitis B disease.
  • Can a Hepatitis B Carrier Be Cured?

    HBs If the antigen remains positive in the blood for 6 months or longer, it is called hepatitis carrier.. Hepatitis B carrier can recover and become completely healthy. There is no damage to his liver either. However, carriers’ blood tests still have hepatitis B virus and show that they do not develop hepatitis B antibodies.. Therefore, they can transmit the virus to others. There is no way to avoid being a hepatitis B carrier.. Those who are in close contact with these people should be careful, as they can transmit the virus to others.

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